What are stem cells and how do they work?

Stem cells are natural human biologic cells (mesenchymal stem cells) that can differentiate into specialized cells or tissue depending on the environment or tissue location. Adult stem cells which are found in various tissues throughout the body act as a repair system for the body. 3 known sources of autologous adult stem cells (stem cells obtained from one’s own body ) include bone marrow (requires extraction from the bone), adipose tissue (requires liposuction) and blood. Stem cells can also be taken from umbilical cord blood just after birth.

Stem cells up close

What is PRP and how does at work?

The abbreviation “PRP” stands for Platelet Rich Plasma. PRP is a natural concentrated source of platelets and multiple healing factors from one’s own blood. PRP contains several different growth factors and other cytokines which can stimulate healing of bone and soft tissue. PRP is prepared by collection of the patient’s blood been undergoing centrifuge (simple office-based 20 min. procedure) to separate the healing elements of the blood. Once the PRP has been obtained, it is injected in the target location or pain source. Platelets and growth factors have the potential to improve signaling and recruitment of healing stem cells, provide anti-inflammatory effect,and decrease pain.

Composition of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)