…repaired using suture to sew it back together, because repaired ACLs have generally been shown to fail over time. Therefore, the torn ACL is generally replaced by a substitute graft made of tendon. The grafts commonly used to replace the ACL include: Patellar tendon autograft (autograft comes from the patient) Hamstring tendon autograft Quadriceps tendon autograft Allograft (taken from a cadaver) patellar tendon, Achilles tendon, semitendinosus,…

Painful or Unstable Kneecap

…activities such as running or jumping may benefit by cross training and a general reduction of high stress activities relying more on substitution of such activities as elliptical trainers, XC ski machines, exercise bikes and water based aerobic exercises. For more mild pain during activity that does not prohibit involvement, impact-absorbing devices such as orthotics and modification of footwear is often helpful. In order to alleviate such pain,…

Lumbar Strain

…k muscles. After the first few days of the RICE method, a person can begin general stretching and strengthening of the core trunk muscles. Hamstring and Quadriceps stretching is also important to relieve some of the stress on the lower back. Heating the muscles of the lower back will increase blood flow to the area while also increasing the flexibility and elasticity of the muscle. This is one key factor to loosening up the back before activity to…

Shoulder Pain

…ous causes of shoulder pain is available in the other education documents. General comments on shoulder care will be addressed here. The activities that will typically aggravate shoulder pain are the following: Reaching Quick sudden movements Extremes of movement Repetitive movements Overhead activities Throwing Push ups Dips Weight training Military press Bench press Flies Pull downs behind the head Once shoulder pain develops, one naturally will…